northern most bay of Gombe Thotti is the Golden Howdah also called
the Ambari. The core of this Howdah is a wooden structure in the
form of a mantapa which is covered with 80 Kgs of Gold Sheets having
intricate designs consisting of scrolls, foliage and flowers. Focus
of the Dasara Procession’s grand finale. Either side of Howdah are 2
ivory fly whishks, finely cut strips of ivory form the bristles
which are tipped with zari, type of thread made from thinnest gold
or silver wire.
2 Lights attached to the Howdah red and green are battery operated
and used to control pace of the procession by the King. King would
customarily stop to receive floral offerings form his subjects.
Elephant would lift the garland up to the king who would touch the
flower then the elephant would hand it back.
During the days of yore, the king would sit in the Howdah
accompanied by his brother and nephew. Sri Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
as the last member of the royal family to ride in Golden Howdah.
Seven cannons were fired to make momentous events. The tradition of
the Dasara Procession continues to this day also but the idol of the
presiding diety of the Mysore city, Godess Chamundeshwari, is taken
in procession in the Golden Howdah.
The golden throne, consists of the main seat, a staircase, and the
golden umbrella. A benedictory verse, forming part of the Sanskrit
inscriptions, consisting of 24 slokas in Anusthup metre, engraved on
the rim of the umbrella, states as follows :
”Oh, King Krishna, Lord of the earth, sone of the illustrious
Chamaraja, you are resplendent with the blessings of Goddess
Chamundeshwari. You are the lord of the Karnataka Ratna Simhasana.
You are the full moon of the autumn to the milky ocean of the Yadu
race. This golden umbrella of the golden throne which you have
inherited from your illustrious ancestors, evokes the awe of the
According to this epigraph, which is addressed to Krishnaraja
Wadiyar III, the bejeweled golden throne has come down to the Mysore
Royal Family from generations of Kings.
The seat has a tortoise seat (Kurmasana). The four sides of the
throne are decorated with Vyalas and creepers. Elephants on the
east, horse on the south, soldiers on the west and chariots on the
north decorate the royal seat. Brahma towards the south, Maheshvara
on the north and Vishnu in the centre from the Trinity. In the
corners are found Vijaya and four lions, two of the mythical
Shardulas, two horse and swans in the four corners. It is further
adorned with Naganymphs and Asthadikpalakas or the guardians of the